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How to Export Multiple or All MongoDB Collections


Recently, I wanted to validate something some data from my MongoDB database locally and convert them to JSON for ease of data manipulation.

So after reading a couple of docs I tried to use mongoexport

Tried running the following command

mongoexport --uri "mongodb+srv://" --collection "accounts" --out accounts.json

And it did work as expected.

Then I tried various things like adding multiple collection names, leaving collection args, and also giving * as a collection.

Nothing did work.

So apparently, mongoexport can only export one collection at a time 😭

How to export multiple collections then?

Well, just export them and then merge them.

It might not be a good solution for large applications but for small projects/side projects, it should get the job done pretty well.

So here is what we do at high level:

  • Get all the collection names from the DB (automatically fetched)
  • Loop through all the collection manually and then get all documents from it
  • Then, stitch data from all collections together and store it in a JSON file.

For the sake of simplicity, I'll be using Node.js and a related MongoDB driver. You can use any tool that you're familiar with.

// backup-all-collections.js
const { MongoClient } = require('mongodb');
const fs = require('fs');

const uri = "mongodb+srv://"

const client = new MongoClient(uri, { useUnifiedTopology: true });

const convertDate = dt => {
    const year = dt.getFullYear();
    const month = (dt.getMonth() + 1).toString().padStart(2, '0');
    const date = dt.getDate()
    return `${year}-${month}-${date}`

async function exportAllCollections() {
    try {
        const fileName = `${convertDate(new Date())}.json`
        await client.connect();
        const db = client.db();
        // This will fetch all the collection names from the database so you don't have to manually keep track of it.
        const collections = await db.listCollections().toArray();
        const data = {};

        for (const collectionInfo of collections) {
            const collectionName =;
            const collection = db.collection(collectionName);
            const documents = await collection.find().toArray();
            data[collectionName] = documents;
        fs.writeFileSync(fileName, JSON.stringify(data, null, 2));
    } catch (error) {
        console.error('Error exporting collections:', error);
    } finally {
        await client.close();


Happy exporting collections!