How to Configure AWS Credentials in Node

December 28, 2017

Most common way of configuring AWS credentials in node are

  1. Environment Variable
  2. Load from a JSON file
  3. Updating your configuration

1. Environment Variable

Using environment variables is my preferred way of doing it especially for my npm packages like s3-bucket

All you need to do is add environment variables and then use it while initializing the AWS SDK.

const AWS = require('aws-sdk');

const config = {
  accessKeyId: process.env.AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID,
  secretAccessKey: process.env.AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY,
  region: process.env.AWS_S3_REGION,

let S3 = new AWS.S3(config); //Make sure its let so that you can change later

You might have noticed we generally use environment variables for production apps.

2. Load from a JSON file

Sometimes you might want to just load the credentials from your local JSON file.

In that case, we can use loadFromPath function like this

  "accessKeyId": "your-access-key",
  "secretAccessKey": "your-secret-key",
  "region": "your-region"

3. Updating your configuration

There are some use cases in which we need to update our configuration dynamically. In that scenario, we can use update function like this

AWS.config.update({ region: 'your-region' });


👋 I'm Ashik Nesin • Sr. Frontend Engineer @Chargebee 👨‍💻• I write about modern Javascript & building web apps

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